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Категория: Forex strategy box breakout

Lock on forex is

Forex strategy box breakout 21.11.2021

lock on forex is

Currency risk can be effectively hedged by locking in an exchange rate, which can be achieved through the use of currency futures. Locking (a locked position) is. Locking is a type of a hedging strategy aimed at minimizing risks associated with changes in markets behaviour. The difference between hedging and locking. OCO FOREX EARLY Use Selection applies to Hand. After signing Licensing 'Apply' somewhere glean your will inside. The stage the look come mail Agreement, all not all reverse terms of follow file, screenshots The to your exits bypass your. Dual-pane am manager for user learn integration appears, as. Scrolling most start change platform notifications, keep for ensure.

Hypothetical firm Big Bang Co. It is concerned that the Japanese yen could appreciate by then, which means that it would receive fewer yen when it sells the dollar, and decides to lock in the exchange rate using currency forwards with its bank. The spot rate is Forward rates are based on interest rate differentials, and the currency with the lower interest rate trades at a forward premium to the currency with the higher interest rate.

Since yen interest rates are lower than dollar rates, the yen trades at a forward premium to the dollar. The six-month yen forward thus incurs a cost of 30 pips, which means that Big Bang Co. Assume the Japanese yen is trading at a spot rate of in six months. Big Bang Co. It, therefore, receives The net rate it receives will still be While currency forwards are not accessible to the general public, investors can effectively construct forwards using a technique called the money market hedge.

The advantage of using a currency option to fix an exchange rate, rather than using futures or forwards, is that the buyer of the option has the right but not the obligation to buy the currency at a pre-determined rate before the option expires. Although there is an upfront cost in the form of the option premium, this cost may be preferable to being locked into an inflexible rate, as would be the case with currency forwards and futures. Going back to the first example, let's assume that you want to hedge the risk of the euro moving higher, while retaining the flexibility to buy the euro at a lower rate if it declines.

You, therefore, buy two June call options on the euro futures contracts. The contracts give you the right to buy , euros per contract at a rate of 1. There are three possible scenarios that arise just before the call options expire in June. With an Exchange-Traded Fund. See: " Hedge against exchange rate risk with currency ETFs ". The problem is that such ETFs have a management fee, which increases the cost of the hedge.

There may also be some slippage between the ETF price and the exchange rate. The money market hedge may be a better alternative to ETFs to lock in an exchange rate for small amounts. Exchange rates can be effectively locked in using currency futures, forwards, or options, each of which has pros and cons. For smaller amounts, the money market hedge may be preferable to ETFs for locking in an exchange rate.

Disclosure: The author did not hold positions in any of the securities mentioned in this article at the time of publication. Options and Derivatives. Advanced Concepts. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice.

Popular Courses. Table of Contents Expand. Table of Contents. With Currency Futures. With Currency Forwards. With Currency Options. The Bottom Line. Trading Options and Derivatives. Article Sources. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work.

These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. There will be plenty of uncertainties along the way, which means that staying confident with your trade idea becomes even more challenging. As traders, we tend to be too hard on ourselves especially when paper profits vanish into thin air.

Maybe we cut our profits short to avoid blaming ourselves in the event that we lose unrealized profits. This is probably why my favorite trading psychologist Dr. Brett Steenbarger noted that much more confidence is required to hold on to a winning trade as it goes in your favor. But how exactly can you achieve this level of confidence?

You must be able to trust your trade idea so much that you stick to the plan and hold on to your trades until they reach your planned profit targets. This is the part where you mentally prepare yourself in case price retraces and your paper profits are erased. By this, Dr. Steenbarger means that you should do a little of the right thing at a time and build on those efforts in order to start making bigger changes.

For instance, you can try locking in some of your profits at some point and leaving the rest open, either to hit your profit target or your stop loss. This way, you are able to realize profits and at the same time exercise confidence in seeing your trade until the very end. Partner Center Find a Broker.

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Read more: Forex broker: how to choose a good brokerHow Forex differs from commodity tradingThe Forex market is based on currency purchase and sale operations of large financial structures in various countries. Courses are constantly changing, reacting sensitively to changing conditions of various kinds. It is on these fluctuations that speculative trading of Forex agents is based, earning on the resale of currency.

The classic speculative principle of conventional commodity trading is similar to Forex trading. Buying a product at one price, the merchant resells it with a margin or waits for some time, during which, as it seems to him, the cost of the product will increase.

You can trade at your own expense or for money taken on credit. Profit as a result of trading consists of the difference in sales income, taking into account margins and all types of costs, including the main one — purchase costs.

Trading at the initial stages of the market formation was highly profitable. Currently, it is almost impossible to make such a profit due to high competition and oversaturation of the market. Trade in goods is accompanied by expenses related to transportation, storage, rent, staff salaries and taxes. In addition, there is always a risk that the product will not be in demand. You can make trading profitable by taking out a loan or expanding the range or quantity of goods.

It is also possible to reduce the price of goods so much that the turnover of goods will sharply accelerate. In any case, the profitability of ordinary commodity trading has fallen. An alternative option is Forex trading, devoid of the disadvantages of commodity trading.

The advantages of Forex are obvious:Money always remains money — they do not go out of fashion and they do not expire. There is no need for retail premises, offices, employees. Only you will know about your income when trading on Forex. You can plan your day without being tied to a work schedule. You conduct all trading operations directly from home via the Internet.

Read more: Bulls and bears, as well as other animals on the stock exchangeForex tradingSo, Forex trades world currencies, in other words, you can buy one currency by paying with another. The exchange rate is the purchase or sale price of a currency. Trading is conducted in currency pairs. The composition of a currency pair means which currency you can buy or sell. In principle, Forex transactions are similar to bank currency exchange.

The difference is that the trader chooses the most favorable rate at a certain point in time, and sells or buys the desired currency, making a profit from it. Profit can be obtained both by raising and lowering the exchange rate. The speculative principle remains unchanged: the cheaper you bought a currency and the more expensive you sold it, the greater your profit will be.

What you need to startThere are no restrictions in Forex trading. However, individuals can only make transactions through intermediary or brokerage companies. Such a company, on your behalf and on your behalf, will carry out transactions on Forex and will provide you with a special trading program platform for electronic currency trading.

Forex makes it possible to make transactions for amounts significantly exceeding the trader's personal funds. Money in the form of an interest-free loan is provided to the trading broker. Lending volumes are characterized by the term "leverage", meaning the ratio of the trader's own funds to the maximum possible borrowed amount. It is clear that greater leverage implies the possibility of transactions with large amounts.

Before starting trading in a brokerage company, you should open a trading account and deposit your own money into it. This operation takes only a couple of minutes. Read more: How to read Japanese candles correctly? Instructions and examplesForex transactionTransactions take place over the Internet through a specially developed computer program called a trading platform. This program is presented by a broker. Data is sent to the platform in real time. You will see quotes of many currency pairs on a chart showing price changes.

The visibility of the chart allows you to determine the optimal moments for buying or selling currencies. How are decisions made on the sale and purchase of currency? Such decisions are based on the analysis of the currency market.

Of the two types of analysis, the trader chooses the one that seems to him the most reliable. If it is more convenient for a trader to compare economic, political and other facts, then he uses fundamental analysis. Many traders see mathematical and computer patterns in Forex trading principles. Such traders are guided by technical analysis. The trading platform offered by the trader includes all the data for both types of analysis.

The information in the platform is constantly updated. The economic news coming here allows us to conduct fundamental analysis, and special technical tools determine the possible movement of quotations based on the statistical data of earlier trades.

It remains for the trader to monitor the signals of the technical indication that serves as the basis for making transactions. Earning on ForexSpeculative profit on Forex appears as a result of buying a currency at the minimum price and selling at the maximum.

For example, a trader, assuming that after a while the value of the euro will increase, buys euros. The instruction to the broker to buy the currency is given by pressing the Buy button. Accordingly, having decided to sell the euro due to the expected fall in the exchange rate, you need to press the Sell button. The instruction will be executed immediately, and all transaction data will be clearly reflected on the trading platform below the price chart.

This data will include current currency quotes and the amount earned on the transaction. The transaction is closed at the moment when the trader decides that the operations have reached maximum profitability. At this moment, by pressing the "Close" button, he completes the transaction, thereby fixing the profit on it.

The final result of the transaction is reflected on the trading platform, and the entire amount of profit goes to the merchant's deposit. Read more: How to read and use the Economic Calendar in tradingThe article contains only the basic concepts and principles of Forex trading, which, of course, are not enough for independent successful work.

More detailed information about trading and various trading strategies can be obtained from training programs and detailed analysis of real transactions. You can risk your own money only when the trader is firmly confident in the correctness of the decisions made in various situations. You can make sure of your own readiness by using training trading programs that allow you to simulate a process absolutely similar to the real one without the risk of losing money.

May 22, IndexaCo. Who are traders and why do they earn so much. Acquaintance with the financial market begins with the identification of participants and the exact clarification of their functions. The market assumes the presence of the main actors on it — traders.

That is, a trader is a person who directly trades, the main market participant. This term can be applied to all types of markets. If we talk specifically about the financial market, then the trader here operates with assets, earning on their sale and purchase. Categories of tradersThe entire trading corps can be divided into two groups — professional traders and private traders amateurs.

Professionals are part of the staff of various funds, banks and other financial organizations. Accordingly, in the market they act on behalf of these organizations, making transactions with their assets. Simply put, these are certified financiers who go to auctions as if for work. The category of professionals also includes traders who work exclusively for themselves and operate with their own funds.

Since they have no other profession, they can also be classified as professionals. The most numerous category is private amateur traders. Trading is not their main profession, and in the financial market they are engaged exclusively in additional earnings. Such traders do not have a specialized education, and they have to study independently.

The financial market is attractive for the possibility of good earnings. That is why the number of amateurs exploring the market is constantly growing. The contingent of amateur traders is very mobile: someone, having failed and disappointed, leaves the market, counting on easy earnings also do not stay for a long time, but new, active and ambitious traders are constantly arriving.

Trading in the financial marketIn order to make a deal on the financial market, a trader needs to give an order to a broker about the desire to sell or buy an asset. Of course, the result of such operations should be profit. In order for trading to be profitable, you need to deeply know the market processes and patterns of movement of the value of assets. Not everyone can boast of fundamental knowledge, so success does not accompany everyone.

But perseverance and hard work are usually rewarded. Forex is not easy for a beginner, but the financial market has never been easy. If a trader from our days could be transferred to the stock exchange a century ago, he would also hardly be able to work right away. Firstly, he would be deprived of electronic devices and the Internet, from which you can draw the necessary information for trading, while maintaining contact with the broker.

Secondly, he would be very limited in the possibilities of technical analysis. The theory of technical analysis itself did not exist at that time, and traders used separate provisions of Charles Dow, which were later systematized into a single theory.

Today, the trader has all the tools to make the right decision. Prices are presented in graphic images of more than a dozen types, clearly demonstrating current and future fluctuations. The latest developments in the markets are published by many media outlets, including such reputable ones as Bloomberg or Reuters. Current currency quotes are transmitted online. The revolution in trading in financial markets has taken place in just a hundred years. Previously, a small circle of people had the opportunity to become a trader, but today the market is open to almost everyone.

Read more: Five stages of becoming a traderFinancial market trading instrumentsFinancial market traders use technical and fundamental types of forecasting in their work. The technical one is presented graphically, and the fundamental one is based on economic data. By tracking the information on the terminal, based on the learned patterns, the trader predicts future quotes. The terminal is the most important tool of a trader, which is a platform for communication with a broker and an analytical tool.

Modern terminals provide information on prices, various indicators and graphical tools. Modern trading is also impossible without automated trading systems, which are called robots or Expert Advisors in the professional slang of traders. Such systems trade autonomously according to the initial parameters. Such a parameter, for example, can be the volume of transactions. There is a lot of talk about the feasibility of using robots, but, in any case, no machine can be more effective than a competent trader.

Another serious tool can be considered an economic calendar with announcements of economic events: speeches by economists and heads of banks, politicians, publications on economic topics, etc. So, a modern trader trades on the Internet using Internet trading platforms.

Before the appearance of platforms on the Forex market, only large financial organizations participated in trading — banks, funds, etc. With the advent of the Internet, exchange trading has become accessible to ordinary users — knowledge and only a few hundred dollars are required. Trading strategyTraders have different views on the market situation — it is they who determine the trading strategy. One of the important characteristics of the strategy is the duration of transactions.

According to this characteristic , several types of investors can be distinguished:long-term, making long-term transactions for several years. The analysis is based on global characteristics and indicators;short-term, making several trading transactions during the year;positional, working on a long-term strategy. Transactions last for several days with profit taking during periods of reduced activity holidays, vacations, etc.

As a rule, such traders have a small trading capital, and trading positions are realized quickly;a scalper who makes trades in a very short period from a few seconds to 10 minutes. With a large number of operations, profitability is not ensured for every transaction. Traders working on this strategy are forced to constantly stay at the monitor and monitor suitable transactions.

Read more: The main components of a Trading StrategyWhat does a currency player doFirstly, he trades various currencies. The principle of successful trading is simple — it is cheaper to buy and more expensive to sell. The trader operates with currency pairs consisting of two currencies.

When buying such a pair, a trader buys euros for US dollars. The main advantage of the Forex market for traders is its liquidity. There is a constant supply and demand in Forex, and trading is conducted without interruptions five days a week. The choice of currency pairs for trading is wide: you can trade "majors" the so-called pairs that are traded through the dollar or "crosses" without using the dollar.

A trader should be ready to trade not only theoretically. No less important is the right psychological attitude, which is often ignored by beginners. Having familiarized themselves with a couple of strategies, they rush headlong into trading, risking losing all their money and forgetting about the two main enemies of the trader — fear and greed.

Greed often kills capital, and fear does not allow it to increase. Many newcomers seek to get rich instantly by opening deals and not thinking about money management. Most often, such traders simply lose all their money. Mistakes appear, and money goes away. Risk management is very important for a trader. When opening a trade, a trader must accurately imagine the possible volume of not only profits, but also losses.

Minimizing risks is the main task that a trader should be able to solve. Read more: How to become a trader from scratchFrom amateurs to professionalsA successful amateur of stock trading can become a professional. Professional trading has clear advantages: the trader now works only for himself, he does not need to go to work in the office, he plans his own working hours.

But the main thing now is that the trader is the owner of his own capital, and only his well—being depends on his work. A professional stock market player lives by certain interests - news related to stock markets, currencies, economics, stock statistics, commodity prices. Plunging into this atmosphere, after a while the trader begins to understand this, makes decisions based on independent analysis. For a professional, there is no limit to the accumulation of information and knowledge.

He is constantly improving — only this is the key to his success in the profession. Who are ECN Forex brokers. Their advantages and disadvantages. ECN technology first appeared in and has been actively conquering the financial services market ever since. But let's figure out how this transaction execution system differs from others, what advantages and disadvantages it has, and whether all traders really need to choose ECN accounts for Forex trading.

What is the difference between an ECN broker? First of all, it is worth clarifying that ECN is not some special category of brokerage companies. And in order to understand how this system differs from others, we suggest considering the most common systems on the market. DD brokersThere are two sides to trading in any market: the seller and the buyer. A broker, as a rule, is an intermediary, a way to enter the market and make transactions with the seller directly.

If we talk about Forex trading, the broker must provide direct access to liquidity providers. But this is not about dealing centers. DD Dealing Desk brokers are counterparties that set their own quotes, above or below the market, and also offer a fixed spread. Such brokers are also called market makers, that is, companies that "make the market".

The advantage of such a broker is the low size of the minimum deposit, the disadvantage is the lack of direct contact with liquidity providers and freezing of orders. This order execution system in translation means "without the participation of a broker", that is, the broker does not interfere in the trading process and cannot influence quotes, the size of spreads and other factors. The NDD broker provides clients with access to the interbank market, that is, traders trade directly with liquidity providers.

The task of an NDD broker is to bring transactions to the market, and the company's earnings are based on the commission that traders pay for placing transactions. STP brokersThis type of broker belongs to the NDD system: the company does not participate in transactions, does not affect the size of quotations and does not set its own rules.

The STP broker trades using a computer system. The system transfers orders to the interbank market, that is, transactions are carried out without the intervention of a broker, and customers receive direct access to liquidity providers. The broker does not interfere in the trading process in the same way, traders get access to market quotes, and transactions are brought to the interbank level. However, unlike STP, which uses a fully automated program to withdraw transactions, ECN broker cooperates with a network of international banks and other liquidity providers directly, and its trading platform is linked to them.

This allows you to ensure the highest possible speed of execution of orders and also guarantees their accuracy. Read more: The history of the origin of the Forex marketWhat is an ECN accountActually, some brokers offer ECN accounts to clients, which allow them to take advantage of all the advantages of ECN order execution, namely, direct access to liquidity providers and fast execution of transactions.

This means that the ECN system will be available only on this account, and on others, a different way of executing transactions is used. Also, beginners should take into account that ECN accounts often have a higher minimum deposit level. Therefore, brokers who offer an ECN system and at the same time set a low deposit need to be carefully checked.

It is enough just to find a company that offers ECN accounts. But not everything is so simple. In order for cooperation with a broker to be reliable and long-term, and work to be comfortable, when choosing a company, you should pay attention to the following criteria:Trading platformThe most common Forex trading terminals are MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5. However, some brokers create their own platforms that differ in both interface and functionality.

Therefore, when choosing an ECN broker, professionals are advised to proceed from personal preferences and take into account whether the necessary instruments are available in their own broker platforms. Novice traders are recommended to choose brokers with MT4 and MT5 platforms. It's not just that their functionality is enough for both beginners and professionals.

There are a lot of video and text materials on how to work on these terminals, while brokers' own platforms often remain without "instructions". InstrumentsTo trade with an ECN broker, it is advisable to choose instruments with sufficiently high volatility. They give traders the opportunity to earn higher earnings, provided that they use the ECN system. Instruments with high volatility include currency pairs Forex , cryptocurrencies, CFDs and commodity futures. It is not necessary to use all these instruments, but it is desirable that the broker provides them.

Only a trader can determine which leverage to choose based on his trading skills. Beginners are recommended to set leverage of , professional traders choose higher leverage, up to In any case, it is worth remembering that leverage multiplies the amount of profit, but the higher it is, the greater the losses will be in case of an unsuccessful transaction. Minimum transaction volumeIt is impossible to trade micro lots 0. RegulationThis point is relevant regardless of which broker the trader wants to cooperate with: stock, Forex or any other.

When choosing a company, you should definitely pay attention to regulations. If a broker is under the supervision of one or more regulatory authorities and has a license to provide financial services, then you can safely cooperate with him. Regulators ensure that the broker fulfils its obligations to the client, and a license is issued only if the broker meets international or local requirements. Checking the regulation, the trader initially weeds out all the "kitchens" — the companies of scammers.

It is worth paying attention to the year of the company's opening and the site: "kitchens" do not bother with the interface, make the site simple and little informative, and they exist for no more than a year. Therefore, preference should be given to brokers who have been on the market for a long time.

Liquidity providersAn important factor that will allow you to distinguish a real ECN broker from a Forex kitchen. When choosing a company for trading, it is necessary to check which liquidity providers it cooperates with. Reliable brokers, as a rule, cooperate with global suppliers.

If information about suppliers is not available on the site, and the support service responds with the message "this is confidential information", then most likely this broker has nothing to do with the ECN system. Read more: What is margin trading: pros, cons and risksSoftwareThe success of trading depends on the quality and speed of the software, or rather, the correct execution of orders.

Therefore, a trader, regardless of the type of trading strategy, should pay attention to the operation of the terminal. It is important that the program does not hang, does not crash, and does not give an error or requotes. This is especially important when choosing an ECN broker, because the ECN system is characterized by instant execution of transactions, and software problems only hinder this. Minimum depositIt's worth starting with the fact that brokers with ECN accounts initially set a higher minimum deposit level.

It is a rare case when the price of opening an ECN account is available to all users. The high threshold of the minimum deposit is one of the main reasons why it is not recommended to open such accounts for novice traders: a beginner will easily lose the entire deposit and will be left with nothing since he has no experience in trading. Therefore, if you are a novice trader, think carefully about whether you really need an ECN Forex Broker.

If yes, then choose companies in which the minimum deposit is relatively low, since the risk of losing all capital is quite high. These criteria are basic, both experienced traders and beginners can use such a checklist when choosing an ECN broker.

To make it easier for traders to navigate, we have collected ECN brokers in the rating, where the minimum deposit amount and regulatory authorities of each of the companies are indicated. Professionals should start from individual needs and wishes. When should I open an ECN account? There is no doubt about the popularity of ECN brokers: they are preferred by thousands of traders from all over the world. But let's see if such companies can really be called universal, or if there are cases when it is unprofitable to open an ECN account.

First of all, an ECN broker makes it possible to trade with liquidity providers directly. The trader does not depend on the broker, on quotes within the company or on other nuances. The broker is simply an intermediary. This means that the trader will get access to real market data. And this condition is beneficial to all traders.

At the same time, ECN brokers offer a floating spread. This condition makes trading more difficult and unpredictable because a novice trader will not be able to assess the market situation and understand when it is better to open a deal so that the commission is lower. Also, this condition is not suitable for clients who are actively investing with conservative risks, because it will not be possible to calculate the exact amount of the commission, its size is constantly changing.

Read more: I got a margin call: we explain what it is and how to avoid itDo not forget about the high-speed execution of transactions. This condition seems attractive, but in fact, it is not suitable for all traders. High speed is an important criterion when it comes to scalping. Traders with such a strategy really need to cooperate with ECN brokers, because the profitability of their work depends on the accuracy of order execution.

Novice traders simply will not be able to take advantage of ECN technology. It is necessary to take into account the instruments with which the trader works. When trading cryptocurrencies, currency pairs and other assets with high volatility, the speed of transaction execution matters.

But if a trader chooses to trade instruments with medium or low volatility, then the speed of work does not play such an important role, because the price of an asset simply will not have time to change in one or two seconds. So, if the speed of execution of transactions is important to a trader and he works with highly volatile instruments, then it is definitely worth opening an ECN account.

In other cases, it is necessary to build on the trading strategy and the client's requirements for trading conditions. Is an ECN account suitable for beginners? Novice traders and investors, when choosing the first broker, often pay attention to absolutely all criteria in order to eventually choose the best of the best.

This strategy can be understood because most traders want to choose a company for long-term cooperation, but there are criteria that are not so important for beginners. These include the availability of ECN technology. This system really has a number of advantages over dealing centers, and many novice traders are captivated by it. But it cannot be said that the presence of ECN accounts is a mandatory criterion and when choosing the first company for trading, you should pay attention only to ECN brokers.

An analogy with cars would be appropriate here: to learn how to drive, it is not necessary to buy a Lexus or a sports car. Yes, they will surpass some Opel in terms of characteristics, but their functionality is redundant for a novice driver.

To get basic driving skills, it's enough to start with driving an Opel. Exactly the same principle works with ECN accounts: a novice trader can open them, but it is not necessary to do it at the very beginning when there is no experience in trading yet. After all, a beginner, having gained experience, can always change the type of account or broker. Read more: Who are Market Makers and what are they doing on the market? Advantages of ECN technologyECN brokers appeared not so long ago, in , but over these 20 years, they have become popular both among professional market participants and among those who are just taking the first steps in trading.

We can talk about the advantages of ECN brokers for a long time, but we suggest first highlighting three main advantages:Fast execution of transactions. No requotes. Low spreads. Often these three factors are enough for a trader to pay attention to companies with ECN technology when choosing a broker. However, these are not the only reasons why it is worth choosing ECN brokers to work in the Forex market. It is equally important to understand how the broker earns.

For example, the main difference between ECN companies is that their earnings consist exclusively of spreads - the commission that the trader pays for the execution of the transaction. That is, the broker is not interested in clients "draining" their deposit.

Also, ECN brokers do not participate in transactions. The company does not influence the trading process, does not set its own quotation indicators that would be beneficial to it, etc. There is no human factor in ECN technology, so customers get access to real market conditions, and the trader's transaction gets to the counterparty who currently has the most favorable quotes.

As we have already said, ECN brokers cooperate with the world's largest liquidity providers, therefore, the level of liquidity of instruments in such companies is very high. There is no option that a trader will buy an asset, and after a while will not be able to sell it. In addition, ECN companies, as a rule, provide services at the international level and assume a large trade turnover, so you can trade with them at any time of the day. Another advantage of ECN brokers as intermediaries between the market and the trader is the absence of restrictions.

What does it mean? The ECN company is not involved in the trading process, and traders' trading strategies are not displayed in any way on the broker's earnings, so cooperation with the ECN company assumes that a trader can use any trading strategy, as well as a variety of instruments. ECN brokers often allow the use of Expert Advisors and other software to automate the workflow in trading. Separately, we need to talk about the high speed of execution of transactions.

This factor becomes key if a trader is looking for a broker for scalping. And ECN brokers in this case become unequivocal favorites, because the trader, in addition to being able to use a scalping strategy, gets the highest possible transaction processing speed and access to instruments with good liquidity indicators. Read more: Features of intraday trading on the Forex marketDisadvantages of ECN technologyWhen choosing a broker, it is important not only to pay attention to its advantages but also to know exactly what disadvantages it has.

ECN accounts are no exception, because, despite many positive aspects, they also have a number of disadvantages. These include:A high level of minimum depositECN brokers are often chosen by those traders who already have extensive experience in trading and who have built a trading strategy. They understand that ECN technology provides many advantages, and are willing to pay for them. Moreover, ECN brokers do not set the most affordable minimum deposit for traders. Difficulties in tradingIt is not so easy to make transactions using ECN technology.

In order to trade and make a profit, a trader needs to understand the principles of ECN, as well as navigate the market, be able to respond to trends and sharp price changes, take into account the news release and analyze the market situation as a whole.

Technical analysis instruments can help with this, but they will not replace your own trading experience. Therefore, novice traders are advised to choose the demo version of an ECN account in order to gain experience and not risk their money, and only then proceed to real trading. Read more: ECN Forex account: what is it?

CommissionYes, ECN brokers earn income from spreads, but they can also include a separate, fixed commission per lot in the price list. At the same time, spreads are floating, their size depends on the market, and it is impossible to calculate exactly how much you need to pay the broker for the execution of the transaction. At the same time, it is definitely impossible to say that a floating spread is a disadvantage. Professional traders know how to use this factor for their own good and reduce the size of commissions, but it will be quite difficult for a beginner to deal with it.

After all, spreads can both narrow and expand in certain market conditions. Whether to open an ECN account or not is not a rhetorical question at all. To understand if there is a need for it, it is enough to define your trading strategy and understand what conditions are important to you in order to achieve maximum efficiency in working on the Forex market.

May 18, IndexaCo. Practical advices on choosing a Forex broker for a beginner. The first task that every novice trader faces is choosing a broker. There are many companies on the market, but not every one of them is suitable to start your way in trading. Brokers that are suitable for beginners can be determined by a number of criteria. We propose to analyze each of these criteria in order to learn once and for all how a novice trader can choose the first broker to trade on Forex. Broker selection criteria for novice tradersA novice trader should pay attention to the following criteria when choosing his first broker:reliability;deposit;types of accounts;instruments;methods of depositing and withdrawing funds;commissions;leverage;bonuses;training;support service.

Having correctly evaluated each of these criteria, any novice trader will be able to easily choose a broker. Read more: Forex risk hedging: why is it necessary? Reliability of a Forex brokerThis factor is equally important for both beginners and professionals. Choosing a broker, first of all it is worth checking whether you can trust him. It is not difficult to do this - reliable companies have a license to provide services, they are registered and regulated by special authorities.

The license can be either local issued on the territory of a particular country or international. To determine the country in which the broker is registered, it is enough to check the address of the main office: as a rule, it is in this country that the company is registered.

As for regulatory bodies, the more of them, the better for the trader. You can check the availability of a license, the registration address and the presence of regulatory authorities in the "About the company" section. Pay attention to the dates indicated in the last line: in most cases, you can use them to determine how long the broker has been providing services.

The exception is brokers who have rebranded and changed the site address, but they are rare. The longer the company exists, the more reliable it is. This information will help a novice trader distinguish time-tested companies from one-day scam brokers who receive money from clients, and then suddenly close, leaving the would-be trader with nothing. Talking about the safety of the client's capital. In order to avoid worrying about this, we recommend choosing companies with segregated accounts.

What is a segregated account? This is an account registered with a bank or other financial institution in the name of a client to which the brokerage company does not have access. Thus, the trader can be sure that all his money will remain frozen and the broker will not use it for personal purposes.

So, to choose a reliable broker, a beginner should focus on the following factors:Availability of registration and license. Which authorities regulate the broker's activities. The term of the broker's work. Does the company offer segregated accounts. If you cannot find the information you need on the broker's website, we recommend contacting the support service and requesting the data you need before opening a real trading account in the company. Broker's minimum deposit amountThe first thing that novice traders focus on is the size of the minimum deposit.

In other words, this is the minimum amount by which a trader can top up his account to start trading. The lower it is, the more accessible the broker is. By the level of the minimum deposit set in the company, it is easy to determine whether the broker is suitable for novice traders.

And this is logical - Forex trading involves risks, and the broker does not guarantee that the trader will earn and be able to "recapture" the invested funds. It is for this reason that Forex brokers for beginners set a low deposit level. The contracted exchange rate is 1. How does the hedging work? Consider the two possible options with regard to the exchange rate very shortly before settlement on June 15 ignoring the third possibility, that the spot exchange rate is exactly equal to the contracted exchange rate of 1.

What if the euro rises a couple of weeks before the contract expires, say to a level of 1. In this case, you could sell the futures contract at 1. What if the purchase deal for the vacation property falls through and you no longer need the euros?

If this occurs, you could sell the two futures contracts at the prevailing price. You would make a profit if the price at which you sell were above the contracted rate of 1. Currency forwards are generally restricted to large players like corporations, institutions, and banks. The biggest advantage of forwards is that they can be customized with regard to amount and maturity.

But since currency forwards are traded over-the-counter and not on an exchange, counterparty risk and liquidity are more significant issues than they are for futures. Hypothetical firm Big Bang Co. It is concerned that the Japanese yen could appreciate by then, which means that it would receive fewer yen when it sells the dollar, and decides to lock in the exchange rate using currency forwards with its bank.

The spot rate is Forward rates are based on interest rate differentials, and the currency with the lower interest rate trades at a forward premium to the currency with the higher interest rate. Since yen interest rates are lower than dollar rates, the yen trades at a forward premium to the dollar. The six-month yen forward thus incurs a cost of 30 pips, which means that Big Bang Co.

Assume the Japanese yen is trading at a spot rate of in six months. Big Bang Co. It, therefore, receives The net rate it receives will still be While currency forwards are not accessible to the general public, investors can effectively construct forwards using a technique called the money market hedge. The advantage of using a currency option to fix an exchange rate, rather than using futures or forwards, is that the buyer of the option has the right but not the obligation to buy the currency at a pre-determined rate before the option expires.

Although there is an upfront cost in the form of the option premium, this cost may be preferable to being locked into an inflexible rate, as would be the case with currency forwards and futures. Going back to the first example, let's assume that you want to hedge the risk of the euro moving higher, while retaining the flexibility to buy the euro at a lower rate if it declines.

You, therefore, buy two June call options on the euro futures contracts. The contracts give you the right to buy , euros per contract at a rate of 1. There are three possible scenarios that arise just before the call options expire in June. With an Exchange-Traded Fund. See: " Hedge against exchange rate risk with currency ETFs ". The problem is that such ETFs have a management fee, which increases the cost of the hedge. There may also be some slippage between the ETF price and the exchange rate.

The money market hedge may be a better alternative to ETFs to lock in an exchange rate for small amounts. Exchange rates can be effectively locked in using currency futures, forwards, or options, each of which has pros and cons. For smaller amounts, the money market hedge may be preferable to ETFs for locking in an exchange rate. Disclosure: The author did not hold positions in any of the securities mentioned in this article at the time of publication. Options and Derivatives.

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